The energy-flux vector and other energy-related quantities play an important role in various wave propagation problems. In acoustics and seismology, the main attention has been devoted to the time-averaged energy flux of time-harmonic wavefields propagating in non-dissipative, isotropic and anisotropic media. In this paper, we investigate the energy-flux vector and other energy-related quantities of wavefields propagating in inhomogeneous anisotropic viscoelastic media. These quantities satisfy energy-balance equations, which have, as we show, formally different forms for real-valued wavefields with arbitrary time dependence and for time-harmonic wavefields. In case of time-harmonic wavefields, we study both time-averaged and time-dependent constituents of the energy-related quantities. We show that the energy-balance equations for time-harmonic wavefields can be obtained in two different ways. First, using real-valued wavefields satisfying the real-valued equation of motion and stress-strain relation. Second, using complex-valued wavefields satisfying the complex-valued equation of motion and stress-strain relation. The former approach yields simple results only for particularly simple viscoelastic models, such as the Kelvin-Voigt model. The latter approach is considerably more general and can be applied to viscoelastic models of unrestricted anisotropy and viscoelasticity. Both approaches, when applied to the Kelvin-Voigt viscoelastic model, yield the same expressions for the time-averaged and time-dependent constituents of all energy-related quantities and the same energy-balance equations. This indicates that the approach based on complex-valued representation of the wavefield may be used for time harmonic waves quite universally. This study also shows importance of joint consideration of time-averaged and time-dependent constituents of the energy-related quantities in some applications.
Inhomogeneous media, seismic anisotropy, seismic waves, viscoelasticity.
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