The coupling ray theory is usually applied to anisotropic common reference rays, but it is more accurate if it is applied to reference rays which are closer to the actual wave paths. If we know that a medium is close to uniaxial (transversely isotropic), it may be advantageous to trace reference rays which resemble the SH-wave and SV-wave rays. This paper is devoted to defining and tracing these SH and SV reference rays of elastic S waves in a heterogeneous generally anisotropic medium which is approximately uniaxial (approximately transversely isotropic), and to the corresponding equations of geodesic deviation (dynamic ray tracing). All presented equations are simultaneously applicable to ordinary and extraordinary reference rays of electromagnetic waves in a generally bianisotropic medium which is approximately uniaxially anisotropic. The improvement of the coupling-ray-theory seismograms calculated along the proposed SH and SV reference rays, compared to the coupling-ray-theory seismograms calculated along the anisotropic common reference rays, has already been numerically demonstrated by the authors in four approximately uniaxial velocity models.
Wave propagation, elastic anisotropy, electromagnetic bianisotropy, heterogeneous media, wave coupling, approximately uniaxial (approximately transversely isotropic) anisotropic medium, reference symmetry axis, SH (ordinary) and SV (extraordinary) reference rays
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